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10 Must-Visit Attractions in Istanbul Turkey

10 must see in istanbul
10 must see in istanbul
10 places you must visit in istanbul - Who doesn't know about Istanbul city? The most beautiful city in the country of Turkey was once famous for the heart of the world. yes, Constantinople once stood firm in this city, making Istanbul Turkey one of the cities that must be visited for those of you who want a historical tour. Who does not know Hagia Sophia, Sultan Mahmed Mosque? for more, here are 10 places that you must visit if you visit Istanbul

1. Blue Mosque or Sultanahmet Mosque
Blue Mosque or Sultanahmet Mosque

The Blue Mosque, better known as the Sultanahmet Mosque, is a famous mosque and an icon of all tourism in Turkey. The Blue Mosque was built in 1609-1616 during the time of Sultan Ahmed I. Currently this mosque still operates as a mosque. Opened from morning to night, and only closes when the prayer time arrives.

The Blue Mosque is in the Sultanahmet Square area. This place is so calm and crowded at the same time. Outside the mosque there are many sellers of boiled / baked bread and corn. Perfect for those of you who like to hang out. Especially for lovers who want to honeymoon. Sultanahmet Square is a tourist spot in Istanbul that should not be missed.

2. Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia was built by Constantinius II in 360 AD Originally called Megali Eklesia’dir or big church. After the 5th century its name was changed to Hagia Sophia which means Holy Wisdom. For 916 years Hagia Sophia was used as a church by Christians in the city of Constantinople. Yes, it used to be the city of Istanbul called Constantinople. Then in 1453 AD, the city of Constantinople was conquered by Sultan Mehmed II of the Ottoman Sultanate. After this conquest the city of Constantinople changed its name to Istanbul. The change of name of the city also coincides with the change of function of the Hagia Sophia itself. Which was originally a church, replaced its function as a mosque. Hagia Sophia itself was used as a mosque for 482 years. And now the Hagia Sophia is a museum which is crowded with local and foreign tourists.

Hagia Sophia has a very long history. Hereditary stories say that the stone used to build Hagia Sophia was recommended by the Prophet Khidr AS. Prophet Khidir AS is the owner of a mine not far from Istanbul. He specially prepared the stones for use as part of the Hagia Sophia. There is also another story that when the Prophet SAW was born, the Hagia Sophia dome collapsed. Hagia Sophia is really mystical right? Hehe..

Hagia Sophia is open every day and is closed on Tuesdays. Likewise with Topkapi Palace, the palace was closed on Tuesday. Make sure you are not wrong when you come there.

3. Topkapi Palace
Topkapi Palace

Topkapi Palace is a palace used by the Ottoman Empire starting in the 15th century. Its construction began in 1459 at the behest of Sultan Mehmed Alfatih, 6 years after the conquest of Istanbul. Topkapi originally had the name Yeni Saray or Saray-ı Cedîd-i Âmire which means New Palace or a new Palace. Then where is the Old Palace? Old Palace is now Istanbul University. In the 19th century the name of this palace was changed to Topkapi which means Cannon Gate.

In 1856 Sultan Abdulmecit moved his place of government to Dolmabahce Palace. Topkapi Palace was finally used as a library and storage of royal treasures. In 1923, Topkapi Palace was changed to a museum until now.

Topkapi Palace occupies a very large area. If it can be compared, the area is like the Keraton Jogja. From Topkapi Palace we can see the beauty of the Bosphorus and the Golden Horn. Its location on a hill by the sea makes this palace so beautiful to the eye.

To visit Topkapi Palace you can use the Museum Pass. Inside Topkapi you can see the beautiful carvings and architecture of Topkapi Palace. There is also a kitchen museum (Kitchen Museum) which contains a collection of pottery and ceramics from the Ottoman Sultanate. The most crowded is the Weapon Museum. In this museum / space we can see a collection of weapons from the previous Sultan, even the weapons of the Companions of the Prophet SAW.

4. Dolmabahce Palace
Dolmabahce Palace

Dolmabahce Palace or in Turkinya Dolmabahçe Sarayı language is in Besiktas. Precisely in front of the Besiktas stadium. This palace was the administrative center of the Ottoman Sultanate from 1856 to 1887 and from 1909 to 1922. Dolmabahce Palace was built during the time of Sultan Abdulmecit I in 1843-1856. Previously, the sultan's family lived in Topkapi Palace, but because of its lack of style, architecture and comfort compared to palaces in other European kingdoms, Abdulmecit I decided to build a new, more modern palace. Its construction costs 5 million Ottoman gold Lira, 35 tons of gold, or almost the same as 1.5 million USD in today's money. At that time, this amount of money was equivalent to ¼ the annual tax received by the Ottoman Sultanate. Wow !! Pretty wasteful too huh ??

Dolmabahce Palace occupies an area of ​​45,000 m2 (11.1 hectares), has 285 rooms, 46 meeting rooms, 6 bathrooms, and 68 toilets. The architectural design is very good. If you go Turkey, Dolmabahce Palace is a location that you must visit. The location is also easy to reach. If you take the tram (Istanbul Metro) you can get off at Kabatas station. From this station just walk for 10 minutes. This palace is right in front of the Besiktas football club stadium.

5. Galata Tower
Galata Tower

Galata Tower or Galata Kulesi is a medieval stone tower. Galata Tower has a height of 66.90 meters and 51.65 m on the observation floor (a floor that tourists can visit). Galata Tower was the tallest building in Istanbul when it was built in 1348 AD This tower was built to replace the old Megalos Phyrgos tower.

To go to Galata Tower, you can take the tram and get off at Karakoy station. If you are not sure where it is, you can ask your fellow passengers on the tram. They must know Galata Tower. From Karakoy station, you have to walk to the original location on the hill. It was a little gasping and also walking because it was pretty fast.

6. Panorama 1453 History Museum
Hagia Sophia

It is a historical museum built in 2009. The museum is near the Byzantine wall of the past. This museum presents dioramas of the conquest of Istanbul by Sultan Mehmet II. The most amazing thing in my opinion is the diorama which is on the top floor. So this diorama is a 360 degree diorama. You can see firsthand how formerly Sultan Mehmet II conquered Istanbul with soldiers and reinforcements from kings from other countries.

7. Taksim Square
Taksim Square

Taksim Square is in Beyoglu. The word Taksim means division or distribution. Taksim Square was once a water collection station from northern Istanbul which was then distributed throughout Istanbul. At present, Taksim Square is a kind of square. An open area that is cool for hanging out. On the left and right there are also many cafes lined up, ranging from local cafes to cafés with famous brands.

Near Taksim Square there is an area called Istiklal Caddesi (Independence Avenue). A long pedestrian with shops lined up at the edge. When I was there, the crowd was not playing. Plus, it was the campaign period leading up to the general election in Turkey.

Taksir Square is very easy to reach because its location is indeed a hub center for land transportation in Istanbul. From the airport, you can choose a bus to go directly to Taksim Square. With trams and public buses moreover, it's easy to reach.

8. Grand Bazaar

The Grand Bazaar is one of the oldest closed markets (it means having a roof) in the world. This market has 61 alleys and around 4000 shops. Every day this market is visited by around 250,000 to 400,000 people from 8 am to 7 pm. This market is the location for souvenirs. From starting Turkish prayer mats, t-shirts, key chains, food, Turkish coffee and so on.

The Grand Bazaar was built in 1455/56 AD, immediately after the conquest of Istanbul by Sultan Mehmet II. The Sultan was indeed intelligent, he changed the function of Hagia Sophia from the church to a mosque, then built the market as an economic stimulus in the city of Istanbul.

To get to the Grand Bazaar, you can take the tram and get off at the Grand Bazaar station. Just prepare lots of money and sadistic bidding mentality. Don't lose mentally with the seller. Remember the principle from me: bargain at a price of 25% from the original price. If they don't want to, leave it.

9. Besiktas Stadium
Besiktas Stadium

Besiktas Stadium is the headquarters of the Besiktas football club. The location is in front of Dolmabahce Palace. When it comes to the windfall, you can watch this proud club football match Istanbul. For your information, there are 3 famous football clubs in Istanbul, Besiktas, Galatasaray, and Fenerbahce. Besiktas and Galatasaray have stadiums in the European side of Istanbul while Fenerbahce has a stadium in Istanbul on the Asian side. If you like football, club jersey can be a souvenir.

10. Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum
Sultanahmet Square

This museum was once the former Pargali palace of Ibrahim Pasha. The location is on Sultanahmet Square. Being in the main tourist area in Istanbul, this museum in my opinion you must visit. There are many things that you can see here, namely the history of Turkey from time to time, the collection of weapons of the sultans, to the beard of the Prophet SAW.

The location is very easy to reach. Located near Sultanahmet tram station. It's a good idea to come in early, then enter the museum, then go to the Blue Mosque, continue to Hagia Sophia and finally to Topkapi Palace. All of these places are in one location so they can save time.

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